THE JUNGLE by Upton Sinclair - FULL AudioBook | P2 of 2

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THE JUNGLE by Upton Sinclair - FULL AudioBook | P2 of 2 - The Jungle is a 1906 novel written by the American journalist and novelist Upton Sinclair (1878–1968). Sinclair wrote the novel to portray the harsh conditions and exploited lives of immigrants in the United States in Chicago and similar industrialized cities. However, most readers were more concerned with his exposure of health violations and unsanitary practices in the American meatpacking industry during the early 20th century, based on an investigation he did for a socialist newspaper. The book depicts working class poverty, the lack of social supports, harsh and unpleasant living and working conditions, and a hopelessness among many workers. These elements are contrasted with the deeply rooted corruption of people in power. A review by the writer Jack London called it, "the Uncle Tom's Cabin of wage slavery". Sinclair was considered a muckraker, or journalist who exposed corruption in government and business. He first published the novel in serial form in 1905, in the Socialist newspaper, Appeal to Reason, between February 25, 1905 and November 4, 1905. In 1904, Sinclair had spent seven weeks gathering information while working incognito in the meatpacking plants of the Chicago stockyards for the newspaper. It was published as a book on February 26, 1906, by Doubleday and in a subscribers' edition. The main character in the book is Jurgis Rudkus, a Lithuanian immigrant trying to make ends meet in Chicago. The book begins with his and Ona's wedding feast. He and his family live near the stockyards and meatpacking district, where many immigrants work who don't know much English. He takes a job at Brown's slaughterhouse. Rudkus had thought the US would offer more freedom, but he finds working conditions harsh. He and his young wife struggle to survive. They fall deeply into debt and are prey to con men. The story follows their worsening condition in life and their struggle to overcome the hardships. Upton Sinclair intended to expose "the inferno of exploitation [of the typical American factory worker at the turn of the 20th Century]," but the reading public fixed on food safety as the novel's most pressing issue. Winston Churchill praised the book in a review. While at first largely dismissive of Sinclair's work, after reading The Jungle President Theodore Roosevelt felt compelled to take action to regulate the food industry's quality standards for food safety. Ironically, Sinclair's primary intention was to bring attention to the plight of American factory workers. He stated: "I aimed at the public's heart, and by accident I hit it in the stomach." (Summary adapted from Wikipedia .org - Attribution:) ► Follow Us On TWITTER: https://(CC) for Closed Caption Transcript! - LISTEN to the entire audiobook for free! Chapter listing and length: PART 1:

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